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What Is Nevada’s Current Capacity to Respond to Disasters?
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Eliany Reyes Rachel Macfarlane Soc. 101 April 6, 2016 Film Analysis: Skin In the movie Skin, hegemonic masculinity is present through Sandra’s father. He’s a white men, married, father, and employed. He exercises power over Sandra’s mother and over his employees. Although Sandra's mother wants to see her, his domineering character forces her back away from her seeing Sandra. When things don't go his way everyone has to put up with all his rage. He also arranges two dates for Sandra. This all goes unnoticed because that's the norm and that's what's expected from him. Hegemonic masculinity is also seen through Sandra's husband. When he physically abuses her everyone sees it, but they didn't do anything. The term glass ceiling, a barrier that keeps one (specially women) from advancing in their career, can also be applied because when Sandra turned 17 she stopped studying and went home to try and find a husband to get married (Conley 2015:310). Although her parents wanted her to go to school and be educated, there was also a limit to how far she could go. Also, most of the women worked doing house labor, including Sandra, while her husband was doing business. As far as the presence of women in the movie goes, there's more than two women. Sandra and her mother send letters to each other and when she was little they were very close to each other. Sandra also talks to her mother in law about her child and her husband. I think the movie passed the Bechdel test just because the main character a woman, Sandra. Throughout the movie I noticed that most of the poor people were women. This relates to the concept feminization of poverty, which explains that women are most likely to experience poverty than men. When her husband becomes violent, Sandra has to leave him and start a new life with her two kids and without any wealth. Also, most of the people that were shown in the movie were poor women doing house labor. Meritocracy, where status is based on individual achievements, can be seen on Sandra's husband (Conley 2015:253). He worked hard enough and was able to buy a car for himself. Based on his achievements and his business with Sandra's father, he was able to move up the social economic ladder a little bit. Segregation, isolating someone based on their race or class, is very much seen when Sandra was a child and her parents went to the court to argue that she should be classified as white (Conley 2015:350). While waiting in court, Sandra wasn't allowed to seat with the white people; instead, she had to stand in a corner. Also, when she went to school with white people the other kids parents and teachers complained that she didn't belong there because she was black. Her father believed that she should segregate herself from the black community and assimilate with the white Afrikaans (Conley 2015:346). There was also discrimination, unfair treatment of an individual based on their race, against her (Conley 2015:357). Her teacher beat her continually, trying to get her expelled from the school. To prove that she was black they measure her head and the texture of her hair. People complained about her being at a restaurant and made her feel inferior. The theory double consciousness describes the internal conflict of an individual with divided identity. Sandra was a black girl born to white parents. Her identity was based on the color of her skin, which led to her being segregated and discriminated. To her parents she was their white little girl but to the rest of the society she was dark skinned. She was raised as white but later in her life realized that she was black and society would never accept her as white. At first she taught she was white until she started school and becomes aware that people are being discriminative towards her because she was different. She then starts to identified more with the black community because they don't humiliate her and eventually marries a black man. After she has kids she legally reclassifies as black in fear of losing her children. The sex role theory says that in families where the father works outside the home to provide for his family and the mother does all the domestic work, children are most likely to become workers who meet the demands of a capitalist system. In Skin, Sandra's parents are shopkeepers. Although her mother, Sannie, does work in the shop as a cashier, her father is the one that does all the business. Sannie also does all the housework and takes care of the children. She's not allowed to talked to her customers too much; her job is restricted to selling them the products and receive their money. On the other hand, Abraham takes care of outside business. When Sannie worries about Sandra being classified as colored, he says he will take care of it. When Sandra get married her family structure works the same way. She stays home and takes care of the children and teaches them how to do basic house work and how to grow plants. While her husband works as the local vegetable seller. Both Sandra and her husband fulfill the roles that society has given them; she as the housewife and he as the head of the household. If they break those norms society will negatively judge them. Of the two theories, I think double consciousness fits the film better. Although there's some gender issues, the film is mostly based on race differences. The whole movie is about how Sandra struggles with her identity as a dark skin girl born to white parents.