Annotated Bibliography Purdue Owl Example Apa Essay

What is an Annotated Bibliography

Many students wonder what is an annotated bibliography and it is not surprising: this task can become a real headache, especially for those, who don’t have enough time or desire to process multiple sources. Annotated bibliography is a review of various sources. It can be both a part of a bigger project and a stand-alone assignment. Unlike abstracts, annotations contain critical information on the source, it main ideas and quality.

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If you want to learn more of how to write a perfect work, the list of contents may be more than useful. Your annotation should include:

  • Bibliographic citation. You should write the full title, its authors and publishing data;
  • Information on the author;
  • Main idea of the book/article;
  • Highlighting of the main argument;
  • Data on the target audience;
  • Information on the research methods (if any) and the results;
  • Highlighting of the useful information, like graphs, calculations and so on;
  • Description of the research relevance for your own paper;
  • Weak and strong sides of the source;
  • Your personal opinion about the text.

If you are using a proper example, it can help you to avoid many mistakes and difficulties, and give a chance to provide a high-quality paper. Try to avoid such mistakes like performing the task as if it was abstract. You should make sure that you analyze the source, not only summarize it. You should also spend time on reading it to give a full overview, as your professor will surely ask additional questions on the subject. Remember that your annotation should be short and straight to the point: it is not a literature review even though they are very alike. And don’t forget to follow the rules of the indicated formatting style. This will help you greatly in avoiding common mistakes.

Annotated bibliography example

While most of the formatting styles are quite alike, there are still some differences, which should be taken into account.

MLA annotated bibliography, as well as Chicago Manual Style Annotation, should provide bibliographic citation in such an order: surname and name of the author, title of the book, name of the publishing house and the year of publishing.

APA style is slightly different: first, you should indicate the surname of the author with his initials, following the year of publishing in brackets. Then you should indicate the title of the book, publishing house and number of pages if needed.

The structure of MLA and APA is quite similar and should summarize and access the source. The second part of the annotation should contain information on its strong and weak sides, as well as author’s opinion if required.

Annotated bibliography template

Using a sample annotated bibliography, every students gets a chance to avoid common mistakes and shape the annotation according to all the rules and requirements. Luckily, there are not many of them and it is quite easy to provide a proper annotation structure. First, you should provide all the details about the source or the citation, like name of the author, title, publishing house and so on. It should be followed by an annotation (a brief summary) and your personal opinion on the subject. You should analyze the source, providing information on its use for your personal project or for the target audience. This section greatly depends on the demands of your professor.

Annotation is usually arranged alphabetically and should be quite brief (around 100-200 words) if your professor doesn’t have other specific requirements. You should also consult your professor what topics you should highlight in the annotation, based on the aim of the assignment.

Annotated bibliography template will be a vivid example and you will be able to create an outstanding annotation without any mistakes and flaws!

Annotated Bibliography Example MLA

Annotated Bibliography Samples

Annotated Bibliography Template

Chicago Style Annotated Bibliography

Examples of Annotated Bibliography

Sample Annotated Bibliography APA

Annotated bibliography topics

It is not difficult to find annotated bibliography topics to write about. Actually, they are limited only to your imagination and indications of your professor. Here are some topics, which may help you decide what to write about:

  1. Health care reform;
  2. Acid raining;
  3. Genetic engineering;
  4. Animal testing;
  5. Gun control;
  6. Feminism;
  7. Human rights;
  8. Labor rules;
  9. History of rock-n-roll;
  10. Nuclear weapons;
  11. Education;
  12. Extreme sports;
  13. Slavery;
  14. Voting;
  15. Cloning.

By using an annotated bibliography example, you can avoid common mistakes, get additional information on the structure of annotation and find new ideas to write about. It is a great chance for students, who want to write the paper on their own, but don’t know where to start!

An annotated bibliography is a list of citations for various books, articles, and other sources on a topic. The annotated bibliography looks like a Reference page but includes an annotation after each source cited. An annotation is a short summary and/or critical evaluation of a source. Annotated bibliographies can be part of a larger research project, or can be a stand-alone report in itself.

Types of Annotations

 A summary annotation describes the source by answering the following questions: who wrote the document, what the document discusses, when and where was the document written, why was the document produced, and how was it provided to the public. The focus is on description. 

 An evaluative annotation includes a summary as listed above but also critically assesses the work for accuracy, relevance, and quality. Evaluative annotations can help you learn about your topic, develop a thesis statement, decide if a specific source will be useful for your assignment, and determine if there is enough valid information available to complete your project. The focus is on description and evaluation.

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