Ama Citation Journal Article Multiple Authors Bibliography

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  • Front Matter
  • Section 1 Preparing an Article for Publication
    • 1 Types of Articles
    • 2 Manuscript Preparation
    • 3 References
    • 4 Visual Presentation of Data
    • 5 Ethical and Legal Considerations
      • Acknowledgment
      • References
      • 5.1 Authorship Responsibility
      • 5.2 Acknowledgments
      • 5.3 Duplicate Publication
      • 5.4 Scientific Misconduct
      • 5.5 Conflicts of Interest
      • 5.6 Intellectual Property: Ownership, Access, Rights, and Management
      • 5.7 Confidentiality
      • 5.8 Protecting Research Participants' and Patients' Rights in Scientific Publication
      • 5.9 Defamation, Libel
      • 5.10 Editorial Freedom and Integrity
      • 5.11 Editorial Responsibilities, Roles, Procedures, and Policies
      • 5.12 Advertisements, Advertorials, Sponsorship, Supplements, Reprints, and E-prints
      • 5.13 Release of Information to the Public and Journal/Author Relations With the News Media
    • 6 Editorial Assessment and Processing
  • Section 2 Style
    • 7 Grammar
    • 8 Punctuation
    • 9 Plurals
    • 10 Capitalization
      • 10.1 First Word of Sentences, Statements, Quotations, Titles, Subtitles, and Table Headings
      • 10.2 Titles and Headings
      • 10.3 Proper Nouns
      • 10.4 Designators
      • 10.5 Types and Sections of Articles
      • 10.6 Acronyms and Initialisms
      • 10.7 Capitalized Computer Terms
      • 10.8 “Intercapped” Compounds
      • Acknowledgment
    • 11 Correct and Preferred Usage

AMA (American Medical Association) Reference Citation Format

This tip sheet contains most frequently requested information. For complete style manual online see: AMA Manual of Style Online
or the print American Medical Association Manual of Style 10th Edition on Reserve in the Health Sciences Library, Call # WZ 345 A511 2007.


  • Cited works are numbered in order of initial appearance in the text, and appear in the Reference List in numerical order.
  • Use arabic superscript numerals outside periods and commas, and inside colons and semicolons.
  • Authors’ names are inverted, and use only initials for first and middle names. No periods between initials.
  • In article titles only the first word and proper nouns and abbreviations that are ordinarily capitalized are capitalized.
  • Use accepted Index Medicus abbreviations of journal names (see the List of Journals Indexed in Index Medicus).
  • For journals use issue numbers in parentheses after the volume number. If there is no issue number specify month before the year.
In-Text Examples:

Diabetes mellitus is associated with a high risk of foot ulcers.1-3
Several interventions have been successful at increasing compliance.11,14-16
The data of Smith et al18 is further evidence of this effect.
As reported previously,1,3-6
The results were as follows4:

Reference List Examples:

Journal article (1-6 authors):


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