Sparta Vs.Athens Comparison Essay

Differences Between Athens And Sparta Essay

Differences between Athens and Sparta
Athens and Sparta are two city-states in ancient Greece. Athens had a busy port, ships passed the land. At the agora, you could hear people arguing and chatting, you can also see people with their slaves walking around and shopping, there were sculptors sculpting with great pleasure. A typical day in Athens was just going to the agora with your slave and shopping and going to the hill for the assembly, going to a meeting if you were in the council of 500. For women a typical day was managing your household and teaching your children. Slaves did their jobs everyday and some even helped other children of Athens. People in Sparta were isolated from other people because they were afraid to trust other city-states. Sparta was mainly a military state so the majority of men stayed away from their families in the barracks, which left their women at home to take care of themselves. Athens provided the best life for its people.
One reason Athens provided a better life for its people is there belief in a good education and jobs for the people. To be a good citizen in Athens you had to have a sharp mind and a healthy body, so education meant physical training as well as book learning. Athens teachers taught their students reading, writing, arithmetic, and literature. Books were very rare and super expensive, subjects that involved reading were read out loud and had to be memorized. To help them learn, they used writing tablets. Coaches taught sports such as wrestling and gymnastics to strengthen student's muscles. Boys also studied music. They learned to sing and play the lyre. After finishing school at the age of 18, Athenian men began their military training. In Sparta, they believed education was to produce people to protect their city-state. It was very important to become a brave solider more than learning to read and write. At age 7, all Spartan children were trained to fight, if you showed fear in you face your could get punished.
Another reason Athens provided a better life is because they had democracy on their...

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Athens V.Sparta Compare/Contrast Essay

848 WordsDec 11th, 20104 Pages

Athens vs. Sparta
Ancient Greece was comprised of small city-states, of which Sparta and Athens were two. Athens was renowned as a center of wisdom and learning. The people of Athens were interested in arts, music, and intellectual pursuits. Sparta, on the other hand, was recognized for its military strength. A Spartan's life was centered on the state, because he lived and died to serve the state. Although the competing city-states of Sparta and Athens were individually different as well as governmentally diverse, they both managed to become dominating powers in Ancient Greece. Athens became a democracy under the rule of Solon in 594 B.C. In addition to eliminating serfdom, Solon altered the stringent laws of a previous ruler,…show more content…

He did not retire until age sixty.
On the contrary, in the Athenian military, a soldier's rank was decided by his social or economic status before he entered the army. Instituted by Solon in the sixth century B.C., four classes made up the Athenian social ladder. Defined by income, each class had a certain measure of political responsibility. The wealthiest class supplied the army with leaders. Called the hippeis or "horsemen,” the second class made up the Athenian cavalry. The third class, called the zeugitai, made up the foot soldier, or hoplite section of the army. Finally, the poorest class, called the thetes, served either as oarsmen for the Athenian fleet, or as archers on land. In addition, while Spartan soldiers trained for thirteen years, Athenian soldiers only trained for two years. Thus, while Spartan military rank was determined by a person's performance after entering the army, the soldier’s social class predetermined Athenian military status.
Unlike their husbands, Athenian women were forced to stay indoors at all times. They were controlled by their fathers through childhood and by their husbands after marriage. Mostly uneducated, except for learning how to read, they spent their time managing the household and slaves. They were only allowed to leave the house to attend certain religious festivals.
In contrast with Athenian women, Spartan women led a free life and

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