|Little Rock High School|
It all started with The Little Rock Nine. In 1957 they were not allowed to attend Little Rock Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. The Little Rock Nine refused to give up on attending Central High School.
The Little Rock Nine were rejected from Central High because of their race. It all happened around the time of the school desegregation crisis, which was a major event during the American Civil Rights Movement.
|Members of the 101st US-Airborne Division escort the students|
Earlier in 1957, the Little Rock School Board had voted to integrate their school system. Arkansas was considered a fairly progressive Southern state, so they did not expect much resistance. Like many schools in Arkansas, Little Rock Central High School was segregated. That means that only white students were allowed to attend. Later on the Supreme Court ruled that segregation, or the legal separation of blacks and whites in public facilities, was illegal.
As The Little Rock Nine drove toward their school, they already knew they had angry white protesters waiting for them. A few weeks before, the nine African Americans had walked past the angry crowd to the high school's entrance. That same morning the Arkansas National Guardsmen had turned the nine students away and, along with the angry crowd and police, they had pelted the African Americans' cars with stones, assaulted them and threatened their lives. As much as they were scared, the nine African Americans didn't give up. These nine students never knew that they had just stirred up a chapter of history that would become an important part of the Civil Rights Movement.
|Elizabeth Eckford braves a jeering crowd|
However, a crisis erupted when the Governor of Arkansas, Orval Faubus, called the National Guard on September 4 to prevent The Little Rock Nine from attending high school. Faubus's decision was most likely politically, rather than racially, motivated. The following year Faubus closed all the high schools, forcing African American students to take correspondence courses or to go to out-of-state schools. The school board reopened the school in 1959. Despite more violence, The Little Rock Nine were still eager to attend Central High School. They arrived at school on a September morning and were let through the side door. Once the angry protesters found out they were let inside the building, the crowd went crazy and once again these nine students had to leave. Only four out of the nine students returned, after one of the students' homes was bombed, and this time the four students were protected by the local police.
|Nine Courageous Students|
|Little Rock Nine Memorial. A testament to their courage|
In their struggle to attend school, The Little Rock Nine faced verbal and physical assaults from white students, as well as death threats against themselves, their families and the black community. The nine determined students never gave up and remained focused on their education. The following May, Ernest Green became the first African American student ever to graduate Central High School. Ernest helped other African Americans to graduate and to attend school. Now the doors were open for African American students to pursue their education.
These particular nine African Americans are my heroes because of their courage. They stood up for themselves, never gave up and did not stop until they got what they wanted. Nowadays, high school students will just give up too easily. They would never fight for their rights like The Little Rock Nine.
Page created on 5/16/2015 12:00:00 AM
Last edited 1/6/2017 8:06:31 PM
The Little Rock Nine Essay
1548 Words7 Pages
In 1954, the Supreme Court took a step in history with the Brown V. Board of Education of Topeka by stating that, “In the field of public education the doctrine of ‘separate but equal’, has no place. Separate facilities are inheritably unequal.” Little Rock, Arkansas a city in the upper south became a location of a controversial attempt to put the court order into effect when nine African American students were chosen to desegregate Central High in Little Rock. How did the Little Rock Nine affect America? Sanford Wexler stated in The Civil Rights Movement: An Eyewitness History,” its “effect would ripple across the nation and influence the growing Civil Rights Movement;” in addition, the Little Rock crisis forced the federal government…show more content…
Faubus had now openly defied court orders, which would bring the federal government into action. “If…he hoped to outbluff the former Allied supreme commander in World War II by barking commands at state reserve units, the governor was out of his depth,” said Robert Weisbrot in Freedom Bound: A History of America’s Civil Rights Movement. President Dwight D. Eisenhower the former supreme commander wasn’t going to let Faubus defy the federal government. Eisenhower met with Faubus to make sure that Faubus would do what the federal government ordered. After their meeting, Faubus made no attempt to fix anything which caused Eisenhower to federalize the National Guard and to send the 101st Airborne Division to protect the nine African American students. The soldiers escorted the African American students into Central High and to all their classes. The soldiers were able to stop protests outside of Central High, but inside the school, racism was still present.
[The students] were subjects of unspeakable hatred. White students yelled insults in the halls and during class. They beat up the black students, particularly the boys. They walked on the heels of the black until they bled. They destroyed the black student’s lockers and threw flaming paper wads at them in the bathrooms. They threw lighted sticks of dynamite at Melba Pattillo Beals, stabbed her, and sprayed acid in her eyes. The acid was so strong that had her